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Queen Elizabeth National Park In Uganda

Queen Elizabeth National Park is a UN Biosphere Reserve and the most popular destination for a safari in Uganda. If you want to see wildlife, and you only have time for one national park, make it this one.  Trust me, you won’t regret it. This park is a birder’s paradise, boasts a variety of animals, and features some of the most jaw-dropping landscapes anywhere in the country. 

It is found in southwestern  Uganda and lies astride the Equator line. It sits on the edge of Africa’s Great Rift Valley in the shadow of the snow-capped Mountains of the Moon. Scroll down for everything you need to know about Queen Elizabeth National Park.

Why is Queen Elizabeth National Park famous?

It is for very good reason that Queen Elizabeth National Park is the most popular tourist destination in Uganda. The park is located close to the country’s gorilla trekking destinations and it one of the most biodiverse protected areas in East Africa.

Here, you will find expansive freshwater lakes, brackish crater lakes, swathes of equatorial rainforest, tracts of rolling savannah and dense papyrus swamps nestled below the snow-capped peaks of the Rwenzori Mountains – Africa’s tallest block mountain .

Along with all the awesome landscape to adventure, there are great wildlife viewing opportunities as well.

Queen is home to nearly 100 different species of mammal. Four of the Big 5 are present (no rhino). The park’s Ishasha sector is also one of the most reliable places in Africa for tree-climbing lions. And the bird checklist of over 600 species is the most of any national park in East Africa.

Queen is also home to human communities too. It is one of the living examples of man and biosphere reserves or conservation areas in the whole world where man harmoniously co-exists with wildlife.

Overall, Queen is a great park for a wildlife safari holiday in Uganda.

Why Is It Called Queen Elizabeth National Park?

Queen Elizabeth National Park was founded in 1952 as Kazinga National Park. It was renamed Queen Elizabeth National Park in 1954 to commemorate a visit by Queen Elizabeth II of United Kingdom when Uganda was still under colonial rule.

Read More: Uganda National Parks History You Didn’t Know

How big is Queen Elizabeth National Park?

Queen Elizabeth National Park covers an area of approximately 1978 square kilometers. It is Uganda’s second largest National Park, after Murchison Falls.

The park straddles the equator at the base of the rift Valley, bordering the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to the West. Stretching from the crater foothills of the Rwenzori Mountains National Park, down to the remote Ishasha in the south, wildlife changes as you travel.

Where is Queen Elizabeth National Park found?

Queen Elizabeth National Park is located in southwestern Uganda, about 400km (7-hour drive) from Kampala. The park sits squarely on the equator line at the base of Africa’s Great Rift Valley.

It’s flanked by Lake George in the northeast and Lake Edward to the southwest, linked by a wildlife-filled stretch of water known as the Kazinga Channel, and is contiguous with great Virunga National Park in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The smaller Kibale National Park, Kigezi Wildlife Reserve, the verdant Kalinzu Forest, and Kyambura Wildlife Reserve all border the park and serve as buffer zones.

Near the national park’s northern boundary are four other major protected areas: Rwenzori Mountains, Semuliki National Park and Katonga Game Reserves. The gorilla trekking Eden of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest lies about 218 kilometers to the south.

How To Get To Queen Elizabeth National Park?

By Road

Two routes are running from Kampala/Entebbe to Mweya – the primary tourism hub of Queen Elizabeth National Park. The most scenic route passes through Fort Portal City.

It is a 483 km (8-hour drive). This route also offers detours to Kibale Forest for chimpanzee trekking tours. You can also visit Semuliki for bird watching and tour Rwenzori for mountain hiking/climbing.

The most popular 437 km route runs through Masaka, Mbarara, and Bushenyi. This route also offers stopovers at Equator Monument at Kayabwe. On this route, you can also take a detour to Lake Mburo National Park which is home to many Zebras. This route takes around 6-7 hours.

By Air

You charter a flight from Entebbe International Airport on Kajjansi Airstrip to Kasese, Mweya, or Ishasha Airstrips. This is the fastest way to get to Queen Elizabeth National Park.

The flight takes approximately 1 hour, but it is more expensive compared to a Uganda road trip. And you‘ll miss out on seeing the rural villages, people and their lifestyle, plus the lush countryside.

Further Reading: Uganda Flying Safaris

what animals are in queen elizabeth national park

Queen Elizabeth National Park is home to almost 100 species of mammal, including 4 of the Big 5. It is the easiest place in Uganda to see lions, which quite often climb trees in the Ishasha sector but are more common on the Kasenyi Plains, where they feed on large herds of Uganda kob.

About 5000 hippos, 300 chimpanzees, and a variety of antelopes also reside in the park. Elephant, buffalo, hippo, waterbuck and crocodile are generally numerous along the Kazinga Channel, which can be explored on boat trips that also offer great bird watching and occasional sightings of leopard and giant forest hog.

There is also around 10 species of monkeys, including baboons, black and white colobus, red-tailed monkeys, Vervet monkeys, and blue monkeys. Other Queen Elizabeth National Park animals include spotted hyenas, side striped jackals, mongoose, warthogs, bush pigs, and more. Giraffe and zebra are absent.

Read more about the key animals of Queen Elizabeth National Park below.

1. The Big Five Animals

Your Queen Elizabeth National Park safari offer you a great opportunity to see the iconic African Big Five animals in Uganda. The park has healthy numbers of four of the Big 5. Around 3,900 African bush elephants, 10,000 African buffalo, 200 African lions, and African leopards reside in Queen. Remember that the term Big 5 does not refer to the biggest animals. These are the animals that 19th-century big game hunters considered the most dangerous creatures to hunt on foot in Africa.

2. Antelopes

Queen Elizabeth National Park also hosts plenty of antelope species. It is home to around 20,000 Uganda kobs (Uganda’s national antelope).

Other antelope species you can look for include Bushbucks, Topis, Defassa Waterbucks, Duikers, and Bates’s pygmy antelopes. The elusive swamp dwelling Statunga, Africa’s only amphibious antelope also inhabit the swamps around Lake George.

6 Day Uganda Safari, Chimps, Gorillas, & Wildlife

3. Tree-Climbing Lions Of Ishasha Sector

Queen Elizabeth National Park is also one of the few places in Africa where visitors are almost guaranteed to see tree-climbing lions, found only in the park’s southern Ishasha section.

Unlike their leopard cousins, lions are not usually particularly skillful tree climbers. Their imposing bulk puts them at the top of the predator hierarchy and imparts the power to pull down powerful prey.

But they are not well designed for nimble balance or agile leaps. While all lions can and occasionally do climb trees, it is very seldom that they make a habit of it.

Yet, in Queen, the lions are famed for their arboreal tendencies. The most likely explanation for their behaviour is that it helps them to escape the irritation of insect bites on the ground and perhaps to capitalize on the cool breezes a few meters above ground level.

4. Chimpanzees In Kyambura Gorge & Kalinzu Forest

In the mystical forests of the 100 m-deep Kyambura Gorge in the heart of Queen Elizabeth National Park there is a small, isolated population of about 30 chimps that have become known as the “Lost Chimpanzees”. These chimps are isolated from the other populations in the park’s larger forested areas. They’re lone survivors cut off by the historic deforestation of the area.

Kalinzu Forest Reserve situated in the south-east of Queen Elizabeth National Park is also home to around 300 Chimpanzees. The forest is the second best place to see chimps in Uganda after Kibale Forest. Besides chimps, these forests also host a variety of other primates and numerous birds.

5. Hippos In Kazinga Channel

The stunning Kazinga Channel connects Lake George and Lake Edward. The channel boasts some of the densest hippo populations in Africa. These huge animals spend most of the day submerged in water coming out at night to graze. The males are extremely territorial and aggressive. They use their long incisors to defend their patch and their loud, distinctive honking to assert their presence. The Kazinga Channel also attracts a rich array Uganda birds, numerous Nile crocodiles, elephants, buffalos, and Nile monitor lizards.

6. Banded Mangoose

Closely related to the Meerkat, which was made popular by the Discovery TV series entitled ‘Meerkat Manor’, the Banded Mongooses are frequently spotted inhabitants on the plains of Mweya Peninsular.

These small and extremely social carnivores live in large packs and preys mainly on invertebrates. They forage and sleep together as well as cooperate to defend and raise their offspring. Interestingly, these fascinating creatures are also known as ‘cooperative breeders’.

The female mongooses all give birth on the same day. Incredible! As many as 15 pups will be born in a day. A pup can be suckled by any of the females. Pups will then choose which male — the babysitters of the species — will care for them. If a subordinate female becomes pregnant, when the dominant four females aren’t, she will be ‘beaten up” and forced to abort.

If she’s lucky, she will then be allowed back into the group (the risk is that if subordinates keep getting pregnant, they threaten the dominance of the group). Examples of this behaviour were captured on the BBC TV series Banded Brothers, aired in 2010.

How many bird species are in Queen Elizabeth National Park?

Queen Elizabeth National Park’s astonishing variety of habitats harbors more than 600 different species of birds. This is the second-highest of any park on the continent. The lakes, rivers, and wetlands are home to a plethora of plovers, herons, storks, pelicans and egrets.

In dense forest of the Kyambura Gorge and Maramagambo Forest, you’ll find cuckoos, woodpeckers, and warblers. Particularly impressive are the hundreds of flamingos that congregate at Lake Munyanyange from around August and November. Other notable birds of Queen on your Uganda bird watching tours include: 

  • Great blue Turaco
  • White-winged tern
  • Gull-billed tern
  • African skimmer
  • Swamp flycatcher
  • African crake
  • Blue-throated roller
  • Black-and-white shrike-flycatcher
  • Papyrus Gonolek
  • Sooty chat
  • Northern black flycatcher
  • Moustached grass warbler
  • Black-headed Gonolek
  • Red-chested sunbird
  • Slender-billed weaver.

Lake Katwe In Queen Elizabeth National Park

The ancient Katwe salt lake was formed by a volcanic eruption around 10,000 years ago. The lake is situated in the interesting village of Katwe. It is located about 4 km west of main gate (Kabatoro gate). Lake Katwe is famous for its salt industry. Salt mining on the Crater Lake dates back to at least 600 years ago. And today some 3000 people still use the same traditional methods.

Women pull salt from evaporation ponds when it’s dry enough (generally December to March and July to September) while men dig rock salt year-round. Lake Katwe salt extraction project is one of the living examples of man and biosphere reserves or conservation areas in the whole world where man harmoniously co-exists with wildlife.

Queen Elizabeth National Park Entry Fees 2023

  • Adult foreign non-resident: US Dollars 40
  • Adult foreign resident: US Dollars 30
  • Children foreign non-resident: US Dollars 20
  • Children foreign resident: US Dollars 10
  • Adult East African Citizen: Uganda Shillings 20,000
  • Children East African Citizen: Uganda Shillings 5,000

All Queen Elizabeth National Park fees are payable at the gate at time of entrance. You can also pay for the entrance fees at the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) reservation office in Kampala.

The payment options also include Mobile money, payment through Point of Sale (POS Machines), bank transfers, direct bank transactions and payment through the UWA online payment portal

Park fees are valid for 24 hours from the time of entrance.

Children are persons aged between 5-15 years. Persons below 5 years are exempt. Entrance fees are independent of safari package activities.

Things To Do In Queen Elizabeth National Park

From game drives, boat safaris, chimp trekking, lion tracking, nature walks, bird watching, sightseeing, bush breakfast, camping to sun-downers, Uganda’s Queen Elizabeth National Park offers unforgettable experiences. Here is a brief description of the best Queen Elizabeth National Park activities. You can get in touch with us for cost of each activity and more details.

1. Day Game Drives

You can enjoy early morning, afternoon and evening game drives. Queen Elizabeth National Park games drives typically lasts 3 to 4 hours. The game drives are mainly conducted in Kasenyi savannah plains. The plains contains most of the park’s wildlife and are arguably the most beautiful section of the national park.

They are also a breeding ground for Uganda Kobs and a perfect place to watch the battles between the Big Cats and herbivorous animals. You can also enjoy game drives in Ishasha region to see tree-climbing lions and around the Katwe crater fields. The crater lakes region has beautiful landscapes with large craters and salt lakes that were formed thousands of years ago. The crater floors are a water source that attracts elephant’s, flamingos and other creatures during the drier season.

2. Night Game Drive

Queen Elizabeth National Park also offer night game drives around Kazinga Channel (Channel Track). During the night drive, you can see rare nocturne creatures like leopards, civets, jackals, hyenas, as well as lions, hippos, and leopards.

3. Kazinga Channel Boat Cruise

You can enjoy a two hour boat trip on the 32-km long Kazinga Channel that links Lake Edward and Lake George. This relaxing cruise starts in afternoon at 2 pm and offers a chance to explore the oasis of wildlife. Kazinga Channel’s shores are dotted with herds of lazy buffalo, families of elephants, huge Nile crocodiles, pods of hippos wallowing without a care, and countless species of water birds. The cruise also provides a spectacular view of the beautiful Mweya Peninsula and life in local fishing villages set along the bank.

4. Searching For Tree Climbing Lions In Ishasha

A large number of visitors visit Queen Elizabeth National Park’s Ishasha sector to track the legendary tree-climbing lions who spend long lazy days dozing in the pretty fig trees. There are also a variety of other game to see in this area including elephants, topi, and sitatunga antelopes. The Ishasha is mainly visited by travellers on the way to the Uganda gorilla trekking destination of Bwindi Impenetrable Forest.

4. Bird Watching

With over 610 recorded bird species, Queen Elizabeth National Park, offers sensational bird watching on game drives, boat cruises, and nature walks.

5. Community Visits (Cultural Experiences)

You can also incorporate local community cultural tours in your safari in Queen Elizabeth National Park. You can visit Lake Katwe Salt Mines and witness how locals traditionally harvest salt and interact with the mining community.

6. Chimpanzee Tracking Adventures

Queen Elizabeth National Park offers Chimpanzee tracking in the forested Kyambura Gorge. You can also track chimps in the nearby Kalinzu Forest. Kalinzu is considered the most reliable place to see wild chimpanzees in Uganda after Kibale Forest. During your chimpanzee trekking tour, you will get the chance to spend an hour on an up-close encounter with ‘man’s closest living relative.

7. Tracking Radio Collared Lions

You join a research team who track and monitor some of lions in Queen Elizabeth National Park though locator devices. A Lion Tracking research trip can be a rewarding adventure. The adventure offers you a great opportunity to get a closer look at the King of the Jungle. It is also one way of contributing to an important conservation initiative.

8. Guided Nature Walks

You can take a guide nature walk verdant Maramagambo Forest. The forest is home to many primates, birds, and butterflies. It also has many unique plant species and a Bat Cave where you can see the huge African Rock Python.

Safari Lodges In Queen Elizabeth National Park

With a wealth of wildlife acting as a drawcard, there are many Uganda safari lodges and camps in Queen Elizabeth National Park. They range from luxury, mid-range to budget options.

  • Mweya Safari Lodge – Luxury
  • Kyambura Gorge Lodge – Luxury
  • Elephant Plains Camp – Luxury
  • Katara Lodge – Luxury
  • Kikorongo Safari Lodge – Luxury
  • Ishasha Wilderness Camp – Luxury
  • Park View Safari Lodge – Semi-luxury
  • Kasenyi Safari Camp – Midrange
  • Bush Lodge – Midrange/Budget
  • Enganzi Game Lodge – Midrange
  • Enjojo Lodge – Midrange/Budget
  • Pumba Safari Cottage – Budget

Read More: 11 of the best Queen Elizabeth National Park lodges.

Lodges In Queen Elizabeth National Park

When To Visit Queen Elizabeth National Park?

Queen Elizabeth NP is open all year around, but wildlife viewing safaris are best from January to February and June to August (the Dry seasons). However, this scenic park is at its most beautiful in the Wet season months of March, April, May, September, October and November. April May, October and November are very wet months and during that time, the rain might interfere with your planned safari activities.

January To February & June To July –Dry Seasons

  • Wildlife viewing is easier to spot as vegetation thins and animals gather around water sources
  • Drier trails make tracking chimpanzees easier
  • There is plentiful of sunny days
  • The best time for bird watching is late May to September
  • Views are not as good due to the hazy air

March To May & August To December –Wet Seasons

  • You will see a variety of wildlife year-round
  • The landscape is beautiful and green in rainy season
  • You can spot migratory birds from November to April
  • Roads may become impassable after heavy rains and forest trails get slippery
  • Afternoon thunderstorms should be expected, and it might drizzle for days at a time

Further Reading: Best Time To Visit Uganda

How May Days Do You Need On A Safari In Queen Elizabeth National Park?

Two days is theoretically enough for a stand-alone Queen Elizabeth National Park safari tour, and several Uganda tour operators offer this option. However, given that the driving time from Entebbe or Kampala is at least 7 hours in either direction, two days makes for a very rushed safari trip and will limit how much you can fit into your tour itinerary.

For this reason, we would recommend a minimum of 3 days, preferably 4, for a stand-alone Queen Elizabeth safari. If you’re also planning to add a gorilla trekking adventure, we would recommend 4 days as the realistic minimum for your safari, and 5 days or longer as ideal.

Can I Combine A Queen Elizabeth Safari Gorilla Or Chimp Trekking?

A Uganda wildlife safari in Queen Elizabeth National Park is often combined with gorilla and/or chimp trekking. The most convenient gorilla trekking destination coming from Queen Elizabeth NP is Buhoma sector, on the northern boundary of Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.

Depending on which lodge or camp you stay at in Queen Elizabeth National Park, it is only a 3- to 4-hour drive between there and Buhoma. It is also possible to drive between Queen and other trekking sites in Bwindi Impenetrable or Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, but you’ll be looking at more like 5 to 7 hours on the road.

Queen Elizabeth NP is even more convenient for seeing chimpanzees, since two popular trekking sites border the park and can be visited as a day trip from any lodge or camp in the vicinity. Of these, Kalinzu Forest Reserve is recommended to budget-conscious travelers over the forested Kyambura Gorge since it offers an attractive combination of low fees and a high success rate.

It is also straightforward to tag Kibale Forest National Park – which is Uganda’s premier chimpanzee trekking destination, but costlier than Kalinzu – onto a budget Queen Elizabeth NP safari.

How Much Does It Cost To Visit Queen Elizabeth National Park?

More affordable Uganda safari packages that focus solely on Queen Elizabeth NP typically cost around US$200 to US$250 per person per day. You can expect to pay slightly more for a package that includes chimpanzee trekking, and significantly more for one that incorporates a US$700 gorilla trekking permit. In all cases, the price should be inclusive of accommodation, meals, transport, park fees and activity costs, but it will exclude tips, unscheduled activities, drinks and other personal purchases.

Is Queen Elizabeth National Park Safe To Visit?

Queen Elizabeth National Park is a very popular safari destination in Uganda and the game park is generally safe to visit in our opinion.

Your guide will look after your safety on an organized Uganda tour, but self-drive visitors should get local advice about the area before heading out. It is recommended to take antimalarial medication and apply mosquito repellent to help counteract the risk of malaria. Also remember to cover exposed skin in the evenings. Some vaccinations are recommended for Uganda (check with your travel clinic or local doctor).

Read More: What Vaccinations Do You Need To Travel To Uganda?

Wildlife viewing in Queen Elizabeth NP is very safe as long as you follow the expert directions of your guide. And please take note of the ‘Wildlife Viewing Safety Precautions’ below:

  • Always follow the instructions and guidelines of your guide
  • Always keep your voice down when close to wild animals
  • Stay in the vehicle during game drives except at designated areas where you are allowed to get out.
  • Do not stand up in the car, hang out of the window or sit on the roof
  • Do not drive too close to the wild animals especially if you are on a self-drive safari and back off if the animals seem disturbed
  • Avoid driving between elephants in a herd, especially females and their young.
  • Stay together as a group close to your guide on a walking safari and always walk in single file
  • Never run or jog in a wildlife area of the park as it entices predators like lions to attack.
  • Never walk between a hippopotamus and water; it may panic and charge because its safety route to the water is blocked
  • Never leave your food in your tent; it will attract wildlife
  • Cover your arms and legs in the evening and use insect repellent to protect against mosquitoes.
  • Wear a hat, use sunscreen and drink enough water
  • Don’t wear bright and colorful clothes especially on walking safaris
  • Bring warm clothes for early morning game drives
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